The Synopses and Orders of the many Public Interest Writ Petitions filed by the Goa Foundation before the Bombay High Court (Goa) and the Supreme Court of India are provided in chronological order.

  • W.P. No. 145/1987 (Orders) (Challenge to the leases granted to the EDC to mine silica sand from Goa’s coastal areas)
  • W.P. No.218/1988 (Orders) (Regarding the State Govt. violation of the Water{Prevention and control of pollution} Act)
  • W.P. No.349/1988 (Orders) (Challenge to the construction of beach resorts within CRZ)
  • W.P. No.389/1988 (Orders) (Challenge to the construction of luxury hotel on Cavelossim beach)
  • W.P. No. 450/1988 (Orders) (Challenge to the pollution caused by Zuari Agro Chemicals Ltd.)
  • W.P. No.29/1989 (Orders) (Challenge to the State of Goa’s policy to allow tourist development up to 90m of the HTL)
  • W.P. No. 72/1989 (Orders) (Regarding the governments negligence in monitoring and controlling the transportation of hazardous materials)
  • W.P. No.399/1989 (Orders) (Challenge to the department of tourism’s 10 constructions on the coastline of Calangute within 200m of HTL)
  • W.P. No. 400/1989 (Orders) (Challenge to the resort at Mobor Beach by Leela Venture Pvt. Ltd.)
  • W.P. No.225/1990 (Orders) (Challenge to the construction by Leela Venture Pvt. Ltd. at Cavelossim)
  • W.P. No. 214/1991 (Orders) (Regarding public access to the records regarding approvals and permissions granted to builders)
  • W.P. No. 221/1991 (Orders) (Challenge to the approvals granted for constructions within the CRZ)
  • W.P. No. 24/1992 (Orders) (Challenge to permission/regularization for deviation in construction by Fomento Resorts and Hotels Ltd.)
  • W.P. No. 36/1992 (Orders) (Regarding the construction by Fomento Resorts and Hotels Ltd. which was obstructing public access to Vainguinim beach)
  • W.P. No. 76/1992 (Orders) (Regarding Beach Arc Hotels Pvt. Ltd. violation of CRZ notifications)
  • W.P. No. 94/1992 (Orders) (Regarding the Failure of the respondents{GSPCB, and The Inspector of Factories and Boilers} to perform their duties to collect air and water samples from ZAC plant)
  • W.P. No. 113/1992 (Orders) (Challenge to the lease granted to Chowgule and Co. to build an Iron ore beneficiation plant in a Primary Forest in the village Potrem in Sanquem taluka)
  • W.P. No. 115/1992 (Orders) (Challenge to G.S.C.C.E. modification of CRZ notifications, 1991)
  • W.P. No. 507/1992 (Orders) (Challenge to the violation of CRZ notification by Garth De Souza in Cavelossim village)
  • W.P. No. 331/1993 (Orders) (Challenge to the permission granted to cut a large number of trees at Miramar)
  • W.P. No. 332/1993 (Orders) (Challenge to a ‘proposed road’ within the CRZ at Miramar)
  • W.P. No.333/1993 (Orders) (Challenge to the construction of hotel in the CRZ at Miramar as it violates the CRZ notification.)
  • W.P. No.391/1993(Orders) (Challenge to the lease deed handing over land in the CRZ at Miramar to a hotel company without the approval of the Captain of Ports, for construction of hotel.)
  • W.P. No.633/1993 (Orders)
  • W.P. No. 5/1994 (Orders) (Regarding the torture of maidservant by the police)
  • W.P.No. 16/1995, 18/1995, 19/1995 and 79/1995 (Orders)
  • W.P. No. 178/1995 (Orders) (Challenge to the construction of a factory by Binani Zinc Ltd. at Colvale)
  • W.P. No. 202/1995 (Orders) (Regarding the deletion of mining lease areas from Netravalli Wildlife Sanctuary in Goa)
  • W.P. No. 368/1995 (Orders) (Challenge to the forest land acquired by The Goa Housing Board at Porvorim)
  • W.P. No. 102/1996 (Orders) (Regarding the Surveyor General of India demarcating the HTL 40 to 60m closer to the sea for the coast from Velsao to Cavelossim)
  • W.P. No. 126/1996 (Orders) (Challenge to the buildings constructed on Candolim-Calangute-Baga coastal stretch within 200m of the HTL)
  • W.P. No. 319/1996 (Orders)
  • W.P. No. 373/1996 (Orders) (Challenge to Penguin Alcohols Pvt. Ltd. factory at Shristal in Canacona)
  • W.P. No. 385/1996 (Orders) (Challenge to Water Sports Centre being constructed by Dolphin Adventure Sports Ltd.)
  • W.P.No. 67/1997 (Orders) (Challenge to Goa Govt. signing a Power purchase agreement with M/s Reliance Salgaonkar Power Ltd.)
  • W.P. 109/1997 (Orders) (Challenge to indiscriminate mining activities by Dempo Mining Corporation in Bicholim)
  • W.P. No. 273/1997 (Orders) (Challenge to the construction of a housing colony at village Penha De Franca of Bardez taluka by Tata Housing Development Co. Ltd. on the grounds that the land was forest land)
  • W.P. No. 124/1998 (Orders) (Challenge to the construction of a railway siding that was being constructed on the land of ZAC Ltd.)
  • W.P.No. 150/1998 (Orders) (Challenge to the constructions along Goa’s beaches which violate CRZ notifications)
  • W.P. No. 364/1998 (Orders) (Challenge to conversion of residential complex to a commercial tourist resort in Calangute)
  • W.P. No. 414/1998 (Orders) (Challenge to the company guesthouse being constructed by United Breweries Ltd. at Candolim, a CRZ-III zone)
  • W.P. No. 420/1998 (Orders) (Challenge to the construction of the Teksid Foundry at Navelim)
  • W.P. No. 422/1998, 99/1999 (Orders) (Challenge to the permission granted to new buildings in CRZ-III zones)
  • W.P. No. 427/1998 (Orders) (Challenge to permission granted to Diksha Holdings Pvt. Ltd. to construct a beach resort)
  • Suo Moto W.P. No 109/1999 (Orders) (Regarding the proper disposal of garbage by state authorities)
  • W.P. No.   55/1999 (Orders) (Challenge to the holding of food festivals on the beaches of Goa)
  • W.P. No. 123/1999 (Orders) (Regarding Curchorem air quality)
  • W.P. No. 136/1999 (Orders) (Challenge to the construction of Golden Peace Hotels in Penha De Franca village)
  • W.P. No. 204/1999 (Orders) (Challenge to the construction of a residential bungalow by M.M. Caculo within CRZ in Candolim village)
  • W.P. No. 302/1999 (Orders) (Challenge to the shrimp agriculture project in the village of Tuem, Pendem)
  • W.P. No. 265/1999 (Orders) (Challenge to the construction by Ramesh Hotels and Resorts Pvt. Ltd. in Utorda)
  • W.P. No. 384/1999 (Orders) (Challenge to the appointment of Mr. Arecio D’Souza as Chairman of the Goa State Pollution Control Board)
  • W.P. No. 196/2000 (Orders) (Regarding the disposal of waste by Meta Strips Ltd.)
  • W.P. No. 212/2000 (Orders) (Regarding the fishing ban during the monsoons)
  • W.P. No. 228/2000 (Orders) (Challenge to constructions around Dossoxir spring in Assagao village)
  • W.P. No. 309/2000 (Orders) (Challenge to the appointment of members of the board of GSPCB)
  • W.P. No. 257/2001 (Orders) (Regarding to the Panjim Outline Development Plan changing the zoning areas from nature reserve/settlement to commercial zones)
  • W.P. No.344/2003 (Transferred to NGT{Application No. 25[THC]/2013})

No further orders are posted here, except in some odd cases. Readers are encouraged to go directly to the website of the Bombay High Court or Supreme Court where all orders in all writ petitions are routinely posted. Website of the Bombay High Court: http://www.hcbombayatgoa.nic.in. Website of the Supreme Court of India is: supremecourtofindia.nic.in/

  • W.P. No. 28/2003 (with W.P. No.417/2000) (Orders) (Regarding the disposal of waste in Calangute village and Saligo village)
  • Suo Moto W.P. No. 297/2003 (Orders) (Regarding the pollution of Lake Carambolim)
  • W.P. No. 485/2004 (Regarding the disposal of waste by the cities of Panaji and Mapusa)
  • Suo Moto W.P. No.1/2005 (Regarding the lack of drinking water in Goa)
  • W.P. No. 393/2005 (Challenge to the Fisheries Minister of Goa’s decision to reduce the fishing ban during the monsoon season)
  • W.P. No.434/2006 (Transferred to NGT{Application No. 37[THC]/2013} )
  • W.P. No.465/2006 (Transferred to NGT{Application No. 24[THC]/2013} )
  • W.P. No.403/2007 (Challenge to Aldeia de Goa project at Bambolim)
  • W.P. No.476/2007 (Challenge to operation of stone crushers at Saleli)
  • W.P. No.136/2008 (Challenge to mining lease operation of Hiralal Khodidas at Colomba)
  • W.P. No. 334/2008 (Regarding the completion of the exercise of demarcation of the private forest areas in the State of Goa)
  • W.P. No.673/2008 (Transferred to NGT{Application No. 18[THC]/2013} )
  • W.P. No.722/2008 (Challenge to mining lease operations at Caurem/Salim Shaikh)
  • W.P. No. 174/2009 (Regarding the dumping of solid waste at Sonsoddo by the Margao Municipal Council)
  • W.P. No.277/2009 (transferred to NGT{Application No. 19[THC]/2013} )
  • W.P. No.330/2009 (Challenge to mining lease activity of Sesa Goa, Advalpal)
  • W.P. No.500/2009 (Petition filed by Total Composites/CRZ Matter; GF Respondent)
  • W.P. No.651/2009 (Challenge to the mining lease of Lithoferro, Advalpal)
  • WP  762/2009 -  ( challenge to pinky shipyard’s CRZ Violation ,Chincalim )
  • Contempt Petition No.8/2010 (Relating to non-compliance at Sonsoddo, Margao)
  • W.P. No.13/2010 (Transferred to NGT{Application No. 26[THC]/2013})
  • W.P. No.236/2010 (Challenge to fraudulent approvals for constructions of former Sarpanch of Colva) (Order delivered on 10.8.2010)
  • W.P. No.321/2010 (Challenge to International Cricket Stadium in forest area, Thivim) (Order delivered on 12.8.2010)
  • W.P. No.495/2010 (Challenge to the criteria that are adopted by the Forest department / State of Goa for identifying forests on private lands)
  • W.P. No. 659/2010 (Challenge to the construction of hotel Grand Hyatt in the CRZ)
  • PIL W.P. No.14/2010 ( Violation of Courts orders to get EC before starting projects by cutting of 125 trees in Thivim)
  • W.P.No.3/2011 (Challenge to all the shipyards in Loutolim of violation of CRZ norms )
  • Contempt Petition No.6 of 2011 (For demolition of structure of Snowkon Gonsalves. Structure demolished. Petition disposed of)
  • PIL WP No.11/2011 (Challenge to operation of 57 mining leases without consents from the Pollution Control Board)
  • PIL WP No.18 of 2011 (Challenge to govt. decision to illuminate beaches which are turtle nesting sites ,Mandrem and Morjim)
  • PIL WP No.27 of 2011 (Challenge to operation of mines in Goa in violation of order of the Supreme Court dated 4.12.2006 in WP No.460 of 2004 directing them to get NOC from the Standing Committee of the National Board of Wildlife.)
  • PIL WP No.28 of 2011 (Petition for rehabilitation of abandoned mining sites in Netravalli Wildlife Sanctuary. Disposed of.)
  • PIL WP No.29 of 2011 (Challenge to the policy permitting construction of resorts and hotels within CRZ III areas. Disposed of by judgement dated 19.3.2012)
  • PIL WP No.31 of 2011 (Challenge to operation of 48 mines that have extracted iron ore in excess of permits granted under the Environment Protection Act, 1986. Disposed of by an order dated 6.3.2012)
  • PIL WP No.34 of 2011 (Petition to prevent illegal mining from mining season of 2011. Pending. Several orders passed.)
  • PIL WP No.42 of 2011 (Challenge to the operation of mining lease owned by Ajit Kadnekar and operated by Magnum Minerals.)
  • PIL WP No.4 of 2012 (Challenge to issue of consent to Bandekar Mines without NOC from the Chief Wildlife Warden.)

Goa Foundation applications/appeals before the National Green Tribunal

  • Application No. 26/2012 {NGT at New Delhi} (Regarding Western Ghats conservation)
  • Application No.14 (THC)/2013{NGT at Pune}  (Challenge to the criteria for identification of forests adopted by the Forest Committees in Goa)
  • Application No.16 (THC)/2013 {NGT at Pune} (Regarding the completion of the process of identification and demarcation of private forests in Goa)
  • Application No.18 (THC)/2013 {NGT at Pune} (Challenge to the consolidated report of the Goa Forest Department which purports to show the demarcated private forests of Goa)
  • Application No.19 (THC)/2013 {NGT at Pune} (Challenge to housing in forest area of Bethora)
  • Application No.22 (THC)/2013 {NGT at Pune} (Regarding the forest areas in Xelpem)
  • Application No.24 (THC)/2013 (Challenge to the proposal to set up an IT park by Infotech at Socorro and Salvador do Mundo villages)
  • Application No. 25 (THC)/2013 {NGT at Pune} (Challenge to housing in forest area at Ela)
  • Application No.26 (THC)/2013 {NGT at Pune} (Challenge to DLF housing in forest area and on steep slope at Chicalim)
  • Application No. 37 (THC)/2013 {NGT at Pune} (Challenge to housing in forest area of Sancoale)
  • Application No. 49/2013 {NGT at New Delhi} (Regarding the CRZ violation at areas demarcated as turtle nesting sites at Morgim and Mandrem)

Goa Foundation applications/petitions in the Supreme Court of India

  • W.P. No.460/2004 (Challenge to grant of post-facto environment clearances)
  • W.P. (C) 131 of 2009 (Challenge to Land Acquisition Act amendment passed by Goa Assembly to save Cidade de Goa resport)
  • Contempt Petition/Civil Appeal No.4154/2000 with Civil Appeal Nos.4155 and 4156 of 2000  (Against Cidade de Goa, for not carrying out demolition)
  • W.P. (C) 435 of 2012 (For action against illegal mining in Goa following the publication of the reports of the Justice Shah Commission of Enquiry into Illegal Mining in Goa. (For copy of Report submitted by CEC in the petition, please see Downloads.)
  • W.P. No. 293 0f 2014 {SLP (Civil) CC 16080/2014} (Regarding Sesa Sterlite Ltd.)

Legal matters involving Tiracol Golf Course alone before NGT/High Court

  • PIL WP No.26/2015 (challenging approvals granted for project on tenanted land, in violation of the Goa Land Use Act, 1991) before Bombay High Court at Panaji. Next date for hearing on 12 April, 2016. GF has filed an application calling for copies of the Sandip Jacques report on tenancy in Tiracol village.
  • Appeal No.2/2015 filed before the NGT challenging the CRZ clearance given to the golf course resort.
  • Application No.135/2015 filed before the NGT challenging the SEAC/SEIAA clearance given to the project on grounds of fraud.
  • Application No.94/2015 filed before the NGT Pune, challenging two permits granted by the Tree Authority to fell trees at Tiracol. Dismissed, wrong forum.
  • Application No.120/2015 filed before the NGT challenging the forest committee's report excluding 3 survey numbers at Tiracol from the definition of forest and therefore placing them outside the Forest Conservation Act, 1980.
  • Contempt Application No.78/2015 in Appeal No.2/2015. Successfully concluded. Leading Hotels cited for contempt and fined Rs.5 lakhs for violating the Tribunal's directions on tree felling. Money to be used to replant trees at Tiracol.
  • Writ Petition No.433/2015 filed by Leading Hotels in Bombay High Court (Panaji bench) against order upholding maintainability of Appeal No.2/2015. Transfer application (stamp) No.12909/2015 in WP No.433/2015 filed in Bombay High Court at Mumbai by Leading Hotels. Transfer application resolutely and successfully opposed and defeated. WP No.433/2015 heard in Goa and disposed of with judgement, reverting the matter to the NGT.
  • Thereafter, NGT upholds maintainability of the Appeal No.2/2015 a second time. Second WP No.728/2015 is filed before the Bombay High Court by Leading Hotels against the order which is also dismissed.
  • WP No.732/2015 filed by Leading Hotels against NGT order on forests on the lease is dismised by the High Court on 24.11.2015.
  • Two approvals granted for felling of forest trees at Tiracol challenged by the Goa Foundation via an appeal before the Dy.Conservator of Forests who is the competent authority. The two appeals are dismissed by the Appellate Authority on grounds of maintainability and delay.
  • Writ Petition No.831/2015 filed in the High Court (single judge) against dismissal of challenge filed against two permissions given by the Tree Officer to fell trees. Petition admitted on 4 April 2016, kept for final disposal on May 3, 2016.
  • Appeal No.14/2014 challenging construction of Tiracol bridge. Dismissed with leave to grant application, as prima facie violation of CRZ established.
  • Application No.33/2015 for demolition of Tiracol bridge on grounds of violation of CRZ notification and the Forest Conservation Act, 1980. NGT directed a study to be done by NIOT, Chennai, costing Rs.42 lakhs, to be paid by bridge contractor (GSIDC). GF has since challenged the NIOT report.

Environment PILs/applications in which Adv. (Ms) Norma Alvares is involved as Amicus Curiae

  • Cr. WP 5/1994 - Rekha M. Kholkar V/s State of Goa & ors (Torture of a maidservant by the police)
  • PIL WP 212/2000 -  Goa Environment Federation V/s State of Goa & ors (Monsoon ban on fishing)
  • SMWP 8/2001 – The Concerned Citizen  V/s Mormugao Port Trust & ors (Coal dust pollution at Mormugao Port Trust)
  • SMWP 297/2003 (Protection of Carambolim Lake
  • SMWP 1/2005 (Shortage of Water in the State of Goa
  • SMWP 2/2006 (Illegal constructions in 200m no-development zone of CRZ III areas in Goa) (CRZ Violation)
  • PIL WP 8/2006 – Jose Cruz Gomes V/s Cuncolim Municipal Council & ors (Construction of a Municipal Market in flood-prone low- lying area)
  • WP 2/2006 – Floriano Lobo V/s State of Goa & ors (Constructions in mangrove area in Santacruz) (CRZ Violation)
  • PIL WP 7/2006 – Jairam Karmalkar V/s State of Goa & ors (Noise Pollution by a nightclub and construction on sand dunes in Candolim) (CRZ violation)
  • WP 375/2006 - Mildred Mendonca V/s State of Goa & ors (Construction of a beach resort in sand dune area) (CRZ Violation)
  • SMWP 2/2007 (Garbage pollution in Goa)
  • PIL WP 6/2007 – Betty Alvares V/s Candolim Village Panchayat & ors (Illegal constructions in 200m no development zone in Candolim) (CRZ Violation)
  • PIL WP 11/2007 – Satish Banaulikar V/s State of Goa & ors (Illegal cutting of hillslopes in Goa) (Order of disposal)
  • WP  167/2007 – Britto Amusements V/s State of Goa & ors (Legality of deckbeds and shacks on beaches of Goa)
  • PIL WP 1/2008 – Villagers of Shirgao V/s Shirgao Nagarik Samiti & ors (Depletion  of water and destruction of agriculture caused by 3 mining companies)
  • WP 813/2009 – Amar Patil  V/s State of Goa & ors (Development of plots for construction of houses in Command Area of  Anjunem Irrigation Project)
  • PIL WP 1/2010 – Soter D’souza V/s State of Goa & ors (Water shortage in Porvorim)
  • PIL SM 1/2010 – Construction of a PWD road and other development activity in CRZ I turtle nesting area at Galgibaga (CRZ Violation) (Order of disposal)
  • PIL W.P. 9/2011 (J.W. D’Souza v. State of Goa and others)

Adv. Norma Alvares Paper on PILs in Goa